John and Judaism
The Old Testament in Archaeology and History

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Resurrection in Early Judaism

By C.D. Elledge

From a later historical perspective, one of the most important concepts among Western Religions to have taken shape among early Jewish theologies was a confident hope in a literal resurrection from the dead. In Judaism, the hope accentuates the Second Benediction (Gevurot) of the Amidah, which glorifies the God of mighty deeds, whose unrivalled power can even revive the dead, keeping faith beyond death with all who sleep in the dust. Authors of the New Testament confided heavily in a future resurrection, one that was already assured by Christ’s own exaltation as the first of the resurrection of the dead (Acts 26:23; Rom 6:5; 1 Cor 15:12-28; 2 Tim 2:11). See complete essay


Reading the Hebrew Bible through Marginal/ized Female Characters

By Wil Gafney

The study of women and other female characters, i.e., goddesses, in the Hebrew Scriptures expanded significantly with the advent of feminism and womanism and the ensuing increased number of women pursuing academic studies in Hebrew Biblical studies and theological education. Carol Meyers famously observed that of the 1,426 personal names that appear in the Hebrew text, 1,315 are or are presumed to be male (Meyers, 1992). Even with the explosion of feminist and womanist biblical scholarship, a significant number of under-explored female characters remain. See complete essay


Blessed Among Women? Moms, Bodies, and Theologies in the New Testament

By Alicia D. Myers

As Christmas approaches, many churches will turn their attention, at least for a moment, to Mary—the blessed virgin and mother of Jesus. Indeed, for many Protestants this is probably the only time of the year that we pay much attention to Mary at all. Such are the after-effects of an inherited nervousness of over-attachment to Mary from the Reformers of the sixteenth century (Gaventa and Rigsby 2002). As we of diverse backgrounds take a little time to think about Mary this year, then, let me encourage us also to think a bit about the other mothers of the New Testament as well. See complete essay


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In My View - Opinion

The Ancient Israelites through Archaeology, History and Text

By Paul V. M. Flesher

Why is it important to study the ancient Israelites, a people whose history was recorded in books more than 2000 years ago? The answer is as simple as it is powerful: they created monotheism, the worship of one god.

Israelite writings recorded the many interactions they had with their god over the first millennium BCE. Collected into the Jewish Hebrew Bible and then the Christian Old Testament, they became the foundation for three of the world’s major religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Nearly half of the world’s population, at least its religious population, look to ancient Israel for their religious roots. See complete essay


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