John and Judaism
The Old Testament in Archaeology and History

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Soli Deo Gloria? The Scholars, the Market, and the Dubious Post-2002 Dead Sea Scrolls-like Fragments

By Årstein Justnes and Josephine Munch Rasmussen

Since 2002, i.e. the last 15 years or so, more than 75 new so - called Dead Sea Scroll fragments have surfaced on the antiquities market. The majority of these has subsequently been bought for astronomical prices by wealthy collectors and, since 2009, by American evangelical institutions. The most famous post - 2002 fragment is still on the market – a three columns wide fragment from the book of Genesis. And the asking prize? Somewhere in the range of 40 – 70 million dollars. See complete essay


The Book of Ruth: Origin and Purpose

By E. Allen Jones III

If we were to inquire into the origin and purpose of the biblical book of Ruth, it may seem like a simple and straightforward question. As modern readers in highly literate communities, we are accustomed to asking “why” – why did an author write this book? To whom were they speaking and what were they trying to communicate? Modern authors follow established practices – they include their names with their publications. They identify the year in which they produced a work. They will even include prefaces and/or introductions that help orient readers to their thoughts. Understandably, we suppose such information should be equally as important to and equally accessible for the books that we find in the Bible. This is that essay. See complete essay


Champions and Critics of the King James Bible

By Ellie Gebarowski-Shafer

In the spring of 2017, I received a call from a prison chaplain in Tennessee who had heard about my forthcoming book, Catholic Critics of the King James Bible (2018). He told me about the popularity of the King James Version of the Bible (KJB), first published in 1611, among inmates at his corrections facility and asked if I had an accessible essay for the non-specialist reader that he could share with the men he served. This is that essay. See complete essay


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In My View - Opinion

The Ancient Israelites through Archaeology, History and Text

By Paul V. M. Flesher

Why is it important to study the ancient Israelites, a people whose history was recorded in books more than 2000 years ago? The answer is as simple as it is powerful: they created monotheism, the worship of one god.

Israelite writings recorded the many interactions they had with their god over the first millennium BCE. Collected into the Jewish Hebrew Bible and then the Christian Old Testament, they became the foundation for three of the world’s major religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Nearly half of the world’s population, at least its religious population, look to ancient Israel for their religious roots. See complete essay


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